We are not attempting to straddle the middle on this issue. We have a point of view and we publish it. The violent tactics of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria ISIS , the militant group seeking to take control of large swaths of the Middle East, have catapulted the organization into the public consciousness. Leo Hollis, a senior editor at Verso who worked on the book, says Cockburn was observing ISIS long before it began appearing in headlines. He was watching the rise of radical Sunni insurgence since ; it was only in that they took the ISIS name.
What were the failures that allowed it to happen?
Those are failures that come all the way back home. Just over four years have passed since the protests that launched the Arab Spring, and this season will see books that examine the uprisings from a variety of angles. Youth and Revolution in the Changing Middle East, — Lynne Rienner, available , by scholar Haggai Erlich, takes a more historical approach, tracking activist movements in the Arab world from the 19th century to the present and highlighting the role of higher education in sparking dissent. Other books focus on activism among specific groups of people.
Phillips, looks at the history of the Kurds—an ethnic group inhabiting Iran, Iraq, and other areas of the Middle East—and offers insight into how their situation, amid other changes in the region, might improve. A number of forthcoming books aim to provide a more intimate glimpse of life in the region. We give people who genuinely want to learn about another culture everything they need in order to get a well-rounded understanding of that culture.
Daniel Lefferts is a writer living in New York City. Subscribers: to set up your digital access click here. To subscribe, click here.
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More from pw. Holiday Gift Guide A Karaite cemetery, called er Rumeidy , exists to the north-west,  containing some tombs. Tel Rumeida is the oldest site in the city of Hebron. Excavations were carried out in the s and in the s at Tel Rumeida in an area where ownership is contested between Palestinian Arabs and Jews,  and again in During the Jordanian annexation, excavations were undertaken by Philip C. Hammond After the Israeli occupation, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin authorized archaeological digs on Jewish lots, reportedly to preempt the expansion of settlements there, and these were conducted by the Judean Hill Country Expedition under Avi Ofer.
After a lapse of over a decade, in , the Israel Antiquities Authority IAA has renewed excavations in the lots with attested Jewish ownership, which extends over a 6 dunam area. In lot 52, other than ancient walls and agricultural implements, Muslim tombs were uncovered, and removed from the site.
For Eyal Weizman , Tel Rumeida has become 'the most literal embodiment of the relationship of Israeli settlements to archaeology'. Ahmed Rjoub, the Palestinian Authority's director of the Department of Site Management, claims that the excavations have removed artifacts attesting to both the Roman and Islamic heritage.
The occupational sequence of the settlement is very similar to Jerusalem's. The settlement dates back to at least the Chalcolithic era, ca. This was subsequently abandoned until, in the Middle Bronze I-II periods it was reoccupied and rebuilt,  and girded by cyclopean walls built with stones measuring 3 by 5 metres.
The Late Bronze Age levels have yielded no sign of settlement, aside from a few graves, one of which appears however to have been in continuous use from the LBA through to the Iron Age. This settlement was destroyed in BCE,  and the city lay abandoned in the Persian period. The town was part of Idumea. The Late Roman period sees a new settlement th centuries CE that survived into the Byzantine period, by which time the centre of the city moved from Tel Rumeida to what is now the old City of Hebron.
On the top of Tel Rumeida Jabal Rumeida are to be found three distinct edifices, consisting of two ruins and a tomb complex. The ruin, surrounded by a quadrangular wall structure and vaulted rooms, consisted of a single cell chapel and semi-circular apse measuring 5. A tomb therein bears the inscription C.
Hebron Governorate is the largest Palestinian governorate, with a population of , as of [update]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. People who, on their return from Palestine, tell you that they had a comfortable trip, have seen nothing of the real life of the country. Explainer videos. He would find in Hebron a city without a hotel, and unblessed by an office of the Monarch of the East, Mr. There is no kin connection between the new settlers and the traditional Old Families of Jewish Hebronites, who vigorously oppose the new settler presence in Hebron.
Early Christian sources, such as Eusebius in his Onomasticon and Jerome , place Jesse's tomb, together with David's , in Bethlehem, which the Tanakh identifies as his place of origin. Juan Perera, a Franciscan writing ca. There is no evidence of its use by Christians in the medieval period. Rabbi Jacob, the Messenger of Yechiel of Paris , around , stated that either Jesse or Joab was buried in a cave on this Hebron hillsite. The Italian Jewish traveler, Rabbi Meshulam of Volterra , stated that the tomb of Jesse he visited in was located 10 miles from Hebron. In Rabbi Moses ben Mordecai Bassola visited the site, mentioning only Jesse's tomb in a burial cave, putatively, in local folklore, connected by tunnel to the Cave of the Patriarchs.
Francesco Quaresmi in the early 17th century, described its remains as the chancel of the earlier church,  and observed that Turks and Orientals generally held this structure,   to be the tomb of Isai Jesse , the legendary father of David in biblical lore.
These identifications are, according to Moshe Sharon , rather late since they are not mentioned by the Arab medieval writer Mujir al-Din.
The City of Abraham: History, Myth and Memory: A Journey through Hebron [ Edward Platt] on monstimitse.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A journey to . Editorial Reviews. Review. Praise for LEADVILLE 'A brilliant despatch from a modern British Buy City of Abraham: History, Myth and Memory: A Journey through Hebron: Read 2 Books Reviews - monstimitse.tk
The Hebron settlers, carrying on an earlier Hebronite Jewish tradition of reverence for the place,  view the site as one where Jesse, the legendary father of King David , and David's great-grandmother, Ruth the Moabite , were buried. The tombs ascribed to Jesse and Ruth are visited frequented, especially during Shavuot , by Jews and converts to Judaism.
A Torah scroll placed inside it by settlers has been removed by the IDF,   and the site was vandalized in Left-wing archaeological critics view the excavations on the site as pretexts for expanding the settlement - the City of David Ir David and Susya are compared - a form of 'annexation in the guise of archaeology'. The Dir al-Arba'in was, according to Platt, probably built to fulfill two functions, that of a fortress and government building.
According to this narrative, the person arrived in Jerusalem with Saladin in , taught at Al-Aqsa and then settled in Hebron. Moshe Sharon suspects this story to be a fabrication by the clan. A local legend has it that the structure lies in the open because all roofs built over it would collapse. The site is still a place for prayers, especially in times of drought. In , a Sephardic immigrant from Egypt , Rabbi Haim Yeshua Hamitzri Haim the Jewish Egyptian purchased 5 dunams on the periphery of the Old City , and, in , signed two lease contracts for dunams of land, among which were 4 plots at Tel Rumeida.
The duration of the lease was 99 years. Since his descendant Haim Bajaio, the last Sephardic rabbi in the city, administered it after the Jews left Hebron, it is believed that the lease must have been renewed.
These properties were appropriated by the Jordanian government in , and the Israeli government in It is on the basis of the original lease taken out for 99 years by Haim Yeshia [ dubious — discuss ] Hamitzri that the current Jewish settlers, none of whom is related to the original lessee, then asserted a claim to the land in Tel Rumeida, a claim dismissed by Haim Hanegbi, a founder of Matzpen , who argues that settlers in Hebron have no right to speak in the name of the old Jewish families of the city.
The Israeli Supreme Court ruled in that Jews have no right to properties they possessed in places like Hebron and Tel Rumeida before After , a new lease was signed with Israeli government's Custodian of Absentee Property. The Abu Heikal's land is subject to increasing encroachment by settlers on the basis of an archaeological claim. Summer water delivery was secured by purchases frem the Hebron municipal water truck until frequent smashing of its windows by settlers forced the council to cancel the deliveries.
Christian Peacemaker volunteers who tried to accompany the trucks were detained and received death threats. The initiative obtained official Israeli approval in , and the Israel Defense Ministry gave the go-ahead for building 16 housing units on the site in Since then the land adjacent to the settlement is being incrementally taken over, notwithstanding stop-work orders handed down in judgements from the Israeli Supreme Court.
Settlers are said to purposefully provoke Palestinian residents: numerous testimonies of continuous harassment have been collected from several Palestinian families such as the Abu 'Aisha,   the Shamsiyeh, whose 8-year-old daughter's hair was reportedly set alight by a settler,  and the Azzeh.
Under Yitzhak Rabin , the Israeli government proposed closing down the settlement at Tel Rumeida after the Cave of the Patriarchs massacre. Far-right rabbis moved to block evacuation of the settlements by issuing an Halakhic ruling against removal of settlements in Eretz Israel.
The collective influence of the settlers and their Rabbis, in what one scholar has called, 'one of the most effective mobilization efforts in settler history,'  persuaded Prime Minister Rabin to back down. In , violence against Palestinians in Hebron most frequently originated with the settlement at Tel Rumeida. The Abu Haikel family is reported to be harassed many times.
Palestinian vehicles are forbidden on Tel Rumeida's streets, and Arab residents can only move in the area on foot. A Palestinian resident who refused lucrative offers for her home, has stated that settlers have used home-made napalm to poison their fields, continually burn their cars, and destroy their agricultural tools.
Palestinian firefighter teams trying to extinguish the flames had their hoses confiscated, and replaced by older ones. In an Israeli court ruled that settler claims to have purchased a house in Tel Rumedia in , which had been abandoned by its owner Zechariah Bakri in when restrictions were imposed on Palestinian movements, were based on forgeries. The house, occupied by 6 settler families, was under a court order requiring them to evacuate it. Palestinian TV crews were reportedly prevented from documenting the incident.
The measure, reportedly a local measure, was revoked when higher echelon commanders reviewed the practice.
In late November Baruch Marzel led a settler assault, demanding the closure of the Beit Sumoud, and engaged in a sit-in occupying its seats, on November In July an attempt by local Tel Rumeida Gandhian-style peace activist Issa Amro , and Jawad Abu Aisha, the owner of an old factory to clean up the site and establish infrastructure for a cultural cinema project was blocked by soldiers. Amro had called on Jewish activists to help them, trusting that their presence and privilege would ensure them the few hours require to clear the area and set up a film center.
Some 52 mainly diaspora activists, many from religious backgrounds, turned up. Settlers reportedly started tomatoes at them, and the army then detained 15 activists. Subsequently, a military closure was imposed on the site. A police investigation that year determined that al-Batash had no rights to the area, and that the documents used for the sale transaction were forged.
The Bakri family appealed through various Israeli legal venues, with a court recognizing that they had proven they had never sold the contested property, a verdict confirmed by the Israeli Supreme Court in The company appealed claims rights from Ottoman law and compensation, but in in all settler claims were rejected, while the Palestinian owners rights to be paid for the period in which the settlers used the house were recognized. This decision is under appeal.