Sign In. An epidural is a nerve block delivered through a small, flexible tube, called a catheter, that goes near the spine at the small of the back. Published by Johns Hopkins University Press Address 2. When is the due date? Hidden categories: Articles with a promotional tone from January All articles with a promotional tone All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers.
The medications used are known as opioids. These drugs will not cause you to lose consciousness. Systemic analgesics usually are given as a shot or through an intravenous IV line. This is a small tube that is placed into a vein through which medications or fluids are given. Side effects are minor and include itching, nausea, vomiting, feeling drowsy, or having trouble concentrating. Your baby may be drowsy, which can make it harder for your baby to breastfeed in the first few hours after birth.
You may not be able to get systemic analgesics within the hour before delivery. Nitrous oxide is a tasteless and odorless gas used as a labor analgesic by some hospitals. It reduces anxiety and increases a feeling of well-being so that pain is easier to deal with.
Nitrous oxide is mixed with oxygen and inhaled through a mask. A woman holds the mask herself and decides when she will inhale. It works best when a woman begins inhaling 30 seconds before the start of a contraction. Nitrous oxide is safe for the mother and the baby.
Some women feel dizzy or nauseated while inhaling nitrous oxide, but these sensations go away within a few minutes. Local anesthesia is the use of drugs to prevent pain in a small area of the body. The anesthetic drug is injected into the area around the nerves that carry feeling to the vagina , vulva , and perineum. Local anesthetics provide relief from pain in these areas. The drug also is used when an episiotomy needs to be done or when tissues need to be repaired after childbirth. When used to relieve pain during childbirth, the drug is given just before delivery.
Rarely, a woman may have an allergic reaction to a local anesthetic or may have nerve or heart problems if the dose given is too high. Local anesthesia rarely affects the baby.
Regional analgesia and regional anesthesia are used to lessen or block pain below the waist. They include the epidural block , spinal block , and combined spinal—epidural CSE block. The medication includes an anesthetic that may be mixed with an opioid analgesic. The medication may be given as a single shot or through a thin tube placed in the lower back.
In an epidural block, medication is given through a tube placed in the lower back. For labor and vaginal delivery, a combination of analgesics and anesthetics may be used. You will have some loss of feeling in the lower areas of your body, but you remain awake and alert. You should be able to bear down and push your baby through the birth canal.
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Configure custom resolver. Whitney Wood - - Medical Humanities 44 2 Sara Cohen Shabot - - Human Studies 39 2 Grant Duncan - - The Monist 4 Lunn eds. An Experimental Study of Hypnotic Anesthesia. Sears - - Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 1 Anand - - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 1 Consciousness, Awareness, and Pain in General Anesthesia.
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Amnesia, Anesthesia, and Warranted Fear. Vanessa Carbonell - - Bioethics 28 5 Roland R. Mashour - - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 1 Add to Basket. Book Description Johns Hopkins. Condition: New. Cloth, D-j. Seller Inventory Wb. More information about this seller Contact this seller.
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